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People

Population:
68,278,826 (July 2003 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 29.3% (male 10,279,588; female 9,727,668)

15-64 years: 65.9% (male 22,916,431; female 22,095,124)

65 years and over: 4.8% (male 1,625,113; female 1,634,902) (2003 est.)

Median age:
total: 22.9 years

male: 22.7 years

female: 23.2 years (2002)

Population growth rate:
1.08% (2003 est.)
Birth rate:
17.23 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate:
5.54 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate:
-0.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female

total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2003 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 44.17 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 44.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)

male: 44.31 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 69.35 years

male: 68.04 years

female: 70.73 years (2003 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.99 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:
20,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths:
290 (2001 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Iranian(s)

adjective: Iranian

Ethnic groups:
Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
Religions:
Shi’a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 10%, Zoroastrian, Jewish and Christian 1%
Languages:
Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 79.4%

male: 85.6%

female: 73% (2003 est.)

Iran Map

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